Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs which are similar to blisters. Ovarian cysts are common among women during their reproductive years and are growths that form on the two almond sized organs on each side of the uterus. Most types of ovarian cysts are harmless and go away without any treatment.
What Causes Ovarian Cysts ?
The normal function of the ovaries is to produce an egg each month. During the process of ovulation, a cyst-like structure called a follicle is formed inside the ovary. The mature follicle ruptures when an egg is released during ovulation. The corpus leteum forms from the empty follicle and if pregnancy does not occur, the corpus leteum dissolves. Sometimes this process does not conclude appropriately causing the most common type of ovarian cyst -- functional ovarian cysts.
Abnormal ovarian cysts such as dermoid cysts, cystadenoma cysts, endometrioma cysts, and polycystic ovarian disease often occur as the result of an imbalance of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone).
Types of Ovarian Cysts ?
Ovarian cysts often cause no symptoms; however when symptoms are present, ovarian cysts may cause a dull ache or a sense of fullness or pressure in the abdomen. Pain during intercourse and at other times can also indicate the presence of ovarian cysts.
Pain or pressure is caused by a number of factors such as size, bleeding or bursting of a cyst which irritates the abdominal tissues, or torsion (twisting of a cyst) which can block the flow of blood to the cyst.
Other symptoms of ovarian cysts which might occur include delayed, irregular, or unusually painful periods. If you experience distention of your abdomen or any other symptoms, notify your clinician immediately.
Things to Remember About Ovarian Cysts
Because ovarian cysts often cause no symptoms, it is especially important for women who have had past cysts to have regular pelvic examinations. Women who have previously had ovarian cysts are at a greater risk of developing further cysts. Endometriosis may be worsened by the presence of ovarian cysts and your chance of oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries) increases. In the unusual case of malignant ovarian cysts early treatment offers the best hope for recovery. Women who develop ovarian cysts after menopause are more likely to have malignancies.
In Allopathic Treatment, Surgery is sometimes necessary to treat ovarian cysts which are unresponsive to hormonal treatment. Cases that could require surgery include ovarian cysts which do not disappear after a few menstrual cycles and extremely large cysts. Surgery can involve anything from simply removing the cyst to removing the ovary, or in some severe cases a hysterectomy is recommended.